Monthly Archives: January 2018

The relationship between nutrition and physical activity

Good nutrition and adequate physical activity are important throughout our lives.

The amount of exercise an individual gets affects their nutritional status and overall health. In turn, diet and nutritional status can influence exercise performance.

A good level of fitness reduces the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and obesity. Whether your goal is to maintain your health or to compete in an athletic event, good nutrition provides a launching pad from which physical fitness can be improved. Read More

Body mass index (BMI)

BMI is the standard measure used for clinical diagnosis of obesity.

It predicts health risks for most people accurately. It is not a reliable indicator for strength athletes and body builders (around 2% of the population) because it only takes height and weight into account – not body composition. Bodybuilders with very low levels of fat are often classified as ‘obese’ by this method.

BMI is a quick and easy gauging method. A BMI reading of 30 or more is classified as obese.

Below is a guide to BMI readings:

– < 18.5 = Underweight

– 5 – 25 = Normal

– 25-30 = Overweight Read More

What is injury management?

Injury management is the process of understanding what has happened when an athletes tissue is damaged, which allows you decide on the appropriate treatment or action for your client.

Injury management is not only about providing sound treatment- it is as much about ‘managing’ the athlete, so that their actions help reduce inflammation and the risk of further injury and promote recovery. Read More

Emergency procedures in a fitness environment

Prevention is the main priority for managing emergencies in a fitness environment. Organisations and their staff need to be aware of all potential hazards, evaluating the likelihood and severity, and how to aim to eliminate or control them.

There are many potential hazards in a fitness environment. If they are not identified and managed effectively, they will increase the risk of accidents and emergencies.

  • A hazard is anything that can cause harm- Classified by:

-Minor injury- Low rating

-Injury lasting 3 days or more- Medium rating Read More

Forming effective relationships

Working relationships exist within all professions and are developed between individuals and groups for a variety of purposes.

Relationships can occur between clients and customers, working colleagues, managers and other professionals passing on information. It is essential these relationships appear as it ensures an efficient and professional delivery, of all services enhancing the reputation of the organisations and industry overall. There are many important reasons to develop and maintain effective client relationships, these are: Read More

Benefits of Sports Massage Therapy

Sports massage is a form of massage involving manipulation of soft tissue to benefit an individual who is engaged in regular physical activity.

Sports massage benefits people who exercise, by assisting in the process of overcompensation and adaptation. During and after exercises the body’s system has to adapt to cope with the increased stress placed on them. These adaptations affect the muscles, bones, tissue, nerves and the brain. In the right measure, at the right frequency, regular exercise enables the body to cope with increased levels of stress (overload), which allows the body to exercise at higher intensities for longer periods of time. This is all possible due to a process called compensation. Read More

Goal setting for 2018

Goal setting for yourself or a client is a huge aspect of training and life. Goals help you feel achievement and provide a motivation carry on and aim for success.

When goal setting for a client its essential to consult, and gather as much information as possible to discover the current starting point of their ability. This allows you to set realistic goals based on their capability, from which accurate strategies can be created and applied to ensure they reach their goal. Read More

New Year, New Diet – The basics of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the perfect source of energy for the body. They can be converted much more easily (than proteins or fats) into glucose. Which is the form of sugar transported and used by the body.

Carbohydrates are often thought as the primary source of energy for the body. However, this isn’t strictly true. It depends on what the body is doing to determine the best energy source. During normal daily activities, both fats and carbohydrates contribute significantly to the energy requirements. As activity intensity may increase, the contribution of fats decreases and carbohydrates do become the main energy source. Read More

The truth behind healthy eating labels

Over the last 10 years the rapid increase in media has played a vital role in showing us factors of a healthy lifestyle. With many food manufacturers understanding our desire to become a healthier individual, their packing terminology has now changed to reflect this.

Manufacturers work hard to ensure their healthy labels attract the eye of the fitness crazed consumer. We are increasingly shown these phrases of ‘low in salt’, ‘low in fat’ and ‘sugar free’ to name but a few. They seem like they are promoting a healthy meal, but what do they actually mean? Read More

Sports massage techniques – Post-event massage

The focus of any post-event massage must be recovery and repair.

The massage will ideally take place immediately after the conclusion of an event. Should there be any significant delay (e.g. if the massage takes place the following day), the SMT can begin to consider this treatment as a maintenance massage and the selection of techniques may vary accordingly.

Effects of post-event massage:

– Mental recovery

Intense training and completion can be extremely mentally demanding. Post-event massage will help the athlete ‘unwind’, so the SMT may well find that they unwittingly become an ‘agony aunt’ for ‘what went wrong’ during the event. Empathy and an understanding of the stresses involved in sport is a useful asset for any SMT. Read More