Monthly Archives: November 2017

The stages of soft tissue repair described

Healing is a complex process without which the body would be unable to survive.

A Sports Massage Therapist (SMT) needs to appreciate the processes involved in soft tissue repair since all treatment and post-care advice must be appropriate to the phase of injury and competence level of the professional.

The healing process is common to all tissue types and can be divided into three stages.

The process of soft tissue repair:

Stage 1 – Acute stage/The inflammatory phase (The first 3-7 days post-injury). Read More

Common causes, signs and symptoms of soft tissue dysfunction described

In order to create effective and efficient movement, it is essential that the soft tissues are functioning properly.

Any impairment of the soft tissues, including muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage, will directly affect the quality and efficiency of movement.

Impairment of soft tissue is mainly caused by two factors which are dysfunction and injury.

At level 3, a sports massage therapist must understand that their role is to treat dysfunctional tissue to reduce the likelihood of injury occurrence. Injury recognition is a key part of a Level 3 SMT’s role, but only so that they can refer a client to a more qualified professional where necessary. Diagnosis and treatment of injury is not appropriate at this level. Only an acute or chronic injury has been treated by an appropriately qualified professional, a level 3 SMT may be called upon to treat the ongoing dysfunction, again to reduce the likelihood of any future injury occurrence. Read More

The rotator cuff explained

Beneath the larger muscles of the shoulder joint is a smaller, more subtle arrangement of muscles types.

Each one of these originates from the scapula and inserts on the upper aspect of the humerus.

Although they are not capable of generating much force, they play a fundamental role in stabilizing and controlling movement at the shoulder joint. This group of muscles are often referred to as rotator cuff muscles and as stabilisers of the shoulder joint; the integrity and coordinated function of these muscles reduces the potential for injury at the joint. The muscles of the rotator cuff are: Read More

How would you select the most appropriate method of collecting client information?

Personal trainers have a legally bound duty to minimise the risks and maximise the benefits of exercise for their clients and to protect themselves from litigation.

It is therefore essential that, prior to participation, clients are:

– Screened to identify risks of potential risks of participation that may need to be referred to the GP for clearance.

– Consulted to gather information that can be used to guide the planning of the personal training programme. This may include the client’s: Read More

Sir Mo Farah, from Olympics to Marathons.

Sir Mohamed Muktar Jama “Mo” Farah has won it all. Sir Mo is the most successful British track athlete of all time at the Olympic games.

In 2012 he picked up two gold medals in the 5000 and 10,000 metre final and then in 2016 in Rio he won ‘the double double’ by winning gold in the same distance events.

But Sir Mo is not just the best in Olympic track history he is the most decorated in British history.

He has won 10 world titles, has won the British athlete of the year more times than anybody else and was knighted by the Queen this year. Read More

5 Fitness gifts to look out for on Black Friday.

Black Friday is a day when retailers offer discounts on products which is on Friday 24th November.

Here we look at 5 fitness gifts you could save money on this year and help with your Christmas shopping:


For a fitness enthusiast this would be a great Christmas gift and there will be plenty of deals about on the run up to black Friday plus further discounts on the day.

The best places to look out for a deal on a new Fitbit would be Amazon Currys PC World , Argos  and Fitbits online shop Read More

Explaining the value of reflective practice in Personal Training

It is useful to reflect on the session delivered after it has ended.

The instructor can review their own performance and the performance of the client and can reflect on any feedback gathered from the client regarding how they found the session, e.g. the outcomes achieved and how they experienced the session (likes, dislikes, things they found easy, things they found hard, anything they didn’t understand, etc.).

When reflecting and evaluating it is important to consider:

– How well the exercise met clients needs, i.e. were they safe, effective and enjoyable, and were modifications made in relation to information provided by the client at the start of the session? Read More

Reasons why you may refer clients to other professionals

Factors that comprise the safety of exercise.

In some instances, clients need to delay exercise or be referred to a qualified health professional before participation.

Reasons for temporary deferral of exercise include:

– Illness, such as cold or flu. Sufferers are advised to delay exercise exercise until they are feeling better.

– Pregnancy, which can require GP clearance before exercise can commence. It is covered in PARmedX. Read More

The principles of screening clients prior to exercise EXPLAINED

All clients should be screened before they start an exercise programme to assess their readiness to exercise, their health status and current activity and fitness levels.

Screening clients and acquiring informed consent are compulsory legal and ethical duties of care for exercise and fitness instructors.

Information gathered from the various screening procedures:

–  Governs the advice and guidance offered to clients.

– Influences the design of any exercise and activity programme, including the frequency, intensity and type of activity recommended. Read More

Key health and safety documents that are relevant to the fitness industry

Key health and safety documents include various screening forms used to provide clearance for clients.

Other important documentation relates to health and emergency procedures in the facility.

PAR-Q forms

The PAR-Q and other screening forms are written questionnaires that ask clients a series of questions to check whether exercise needs to be delayed or GP clearance is required before participation. Clients who answer ‘yes’ to one or more questions on the forms must be signposted to their GP to obtain clearance. Read More